Tirana Riverside: a sustainable and green district designed by Boeri

The Albanian Smart City will host an Urban Forest with a number of trees equal to that of the inhabitants of the district

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Photo by stefanoboeriarchitetti.net

Tirana Riverside, designed by Stefano Boeri Architetti together with SON-Group for a publicly owned area located along the northern border of the Albanian capital close to the Tirana river, is conceived as a large urban regeneration project that favours a functional and social mixité and welcomes within it various cultures and backgrounds, in an accessible and self-sufficient district from the point of view of clean energy, water, food and all urban public services. The Masterplan, planned to accommodate 12,000 people, is a 29-hectare green neighbourhood, equipped with all the technologies of a Smart City and able to guarantee the safeguards and health safety requirements necessary to face contemporary seismic and pandemic emergencies.

Tirana Riverside offers new housing solutions to residents and develops along a green and innovative central spine dedicated to soft mobility, on which commercial ground floors, access to residential buildings, sports and working spaces and numerous outdoor areas insist and emphasize total accessibility to all areas of the neighbourhood.

The distribution of the main public services around three central locations arranged at a pedestrian distance from each other, make Tirana Riverside a zero-emission polycentric neighbourhood, containing all the essential services for citizens. Inside are distributed public and administrative functions of urban scale, numerous services to the city, a school and a university centre, in order to make the whole area a reference point for the Albanian capital.

Tirana Riverside is a territorial project designed to host trees and inhabitants in equal numbers, with a total of 12 thousand plants belonging to more than one hundred different native species. The fifteen hectares of green surfaces are divided into common gardens, agricultural and horticultural areas, in which more than five kilometres of cycle paths develop and – also including the roofs intended as a fifth facade inhabited by arboreal essences – the Masterplan, in its entirety, provides up to eighteen hectares of green surfaces.

The central backbone available for gentle mobility and powered by electricity crosses 90 thousand square meters of open public spaces, in an interplay of courtyard, tower, in-line, L-shaped buildings, which mix residential, working and service realities to the citizen. The use of prefabricated structures also in wood allows a surprising rapidity of construction and makes it possible to generate a virtuous circle for monitoring deforestation and reforestation, sustainable production and the reduction of waste goods.

The economic and social advantages of the massive presence of trees intended as an Urban Forest – which in addition to decreasing the “heat island” effect increase the real estate value of buildings – make Tirana Riverside a contemporary landscape that mixes nature and technology, to favour the welfare of citizens who live there temporarily or permanently.

Tirana Riverside overlooks a river park dedicated to the community and designed to preserve an ecosystem capable of increasing biodiversity in the urban environment, becoming a refuge and biological habitat for non-domestic species, promoting the creation of microclimates useful for the surrounding civic well-being.